THE NEED FOR PERFORMANCE
Pain after sports can range from acute sprains and strains, to chronic degenerative injuries. Lower extremity biomechanics is a major part of podiatric care; podiatrists can advise on and treat your foot and ankle musculoskeletal problems through our unique perspective.
Orthopaedic surgeons often work with Podiatry for non-surgical treatment of repetitive stress injuries, or for post-operative rehabilitation. We work closely with accredited physiotherapists and bicycle outfitters for Singapore’s sports biomechanics needs.
Running is one of the most participated sports yet highly strenuous and demanding to the body especially the lower limb. It also depends on the type of running (i.e. distance running, trail running or sprinting) and the striking pattern (i.e. forefoot, midfoot or rearfoot strike). Certain foot posture can cause more strain to other surrounding joints and soft tissue. Injury is avoidable and peak performance is achievable when the bio-mechanical discrepancies are addressed. Customized running orthotics are specially designed for runners to help resolve their foot posture imbalances and prevent certain soft tissue overcompensation that could lead to overuse injury. Your podiatrist will be able to address the biomechanical defects and adds correction to foot using customized orthotics. Once the foot is propped into a mechanically more ideal position, it will lessen the strain and boost the performance.
Cycling is a competitive physical sport that requires good coordination between the cyclist and the bicycle. In order to achieve the best performance, cyclists will often have their bike fitted according to their biomechanics. This often encompass cycling ergonomics and aero dynamics. The foot is the primary interface with the machine therefore the maximum speed is determined by the power of stroke paddle. However, a poor cycling biomechanics can lead to many lower limb complication and the most common one is knee injury.
With the advancement of technology and 3D scanning, cycling foot orthosis can now be as thin as only 1.9mm by using the light weight, high durability carbon fibre composite material. This can be inserted into the cycling shoes to reposition the foot, ankle and knee alignment. The ideal alignment of the lower limb during cycling will minimize all the unnecessary overused or overcompensation of affect joints and muscles. This will enhance the performance and the cycling experience for the athletes.
Golf is a sport that involves a lot of rotational movement, power and swiftness. Unlike running where both motion of the lower limbs are almost identical; a golfer emphasizes a lot on the twisting motion of his foot, whilst the other foot act as a stationary pivot. It is challenging for golfer with bad foot posture to perform a swing without losing energy due to overcompensation of joints. This eventually leads to strains and overuse injuries.
This makes golf orthotics unique and different from any other sports insoles. The orthotic design is aimed to redistribute the pressure under the foot, increase balancing ability and enhance the proprioceptive effect in golfers. This in turn allow better phases of swing by reducing energy wastage and overcompensation of body. Ultimately, this will reduce the risk of injuries to the foot, knee and lower back.
Author: Podiatrist Louis LOY