Why are Lower Legs Essential for Overall Health?

The lower leg area between the knee and ankle addresses issues like shin splints, calf strains, and circulation problems. Lower legs are essential for overall health and wellbeing for various reasons. These include mobility, physical activity, weight bearing and support, balance and stability, venous return and circulation, lymphatic drainage, foot health, posture and alignment, and psychological well-being.

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Lower leg conditions comprise a wide range of injuries, disorders, and diseases affecting the structures below the knee, including the calf muscles, shinbones (tibia and fibula), ankles, and feet. Here’s an overview covering some common lower leg conditions:

Shin Splints: These refer to pain along the shinbone caused by inflammation of the muscles, tendons, or bone tissue surrounding the tibia. These result from overuse, improper footwear, or biomechanical issues during periods of physical activity.

Calf Strain or Tear: A calf strain involves stretching or tearing of the calf muscles, usually the gastrocnemius or soleus muscles. It can occur due to sudden movements, overexertion, or inadequate warm-up before exercise, which can lead to pain, swelling, and decreased mobility.

Achilles Tendonitis: This is the inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Resulting from overuse, sudden activity increases, or improper footwear, this leads to pain, stiffness, and swelling in the back of the lower leg.

Stress Fractures: Classified as small cracks or breaks in the lower leg bones, these are caused by repetitive stress or overuse. They often occur in athletes or individuals engaging in high-impact activities, and cause localized pain, swelling, and tenderness.

Compartment Syndrome: This is a painful condition characterised by increased pressure within the muscle compartments of the lower leg, which leads to reduced blood flow and nerve function. It can be acute, due to trauma, or chronic, related to overuse, and cause intense pain, numbness, and weakness.

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Is it normal to have leg pain everyday?

Leg pain is often misdiagnosed as muscle aches or arthritis. The reality is leg pain and cramps may be symptoms of a more serious underlying disease, hence any pain or concerns you have should be discussed with a vascular specialist.

Have a question?

I loove badminton but started getting shin pain 2-3 months ago. Turns out that I was not wearing the right type of shoes (needed real badminton shoes and did not know about my pronasion) so I had to wear insoles. Now I find it hard to play without my insoles. It was super beneficial. No pain no more!

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