High Arches

Individuals with high arches usually suffer from have poor shock absorption as most of their weight falls on the heel and ball of the foot, which can lead to a variety of painful foot conditions.

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Georgina

Overview

A high arch, also known as pes cavus or cavus foot, is a foot deformity characterized by an abnormally raised arch. In individuals with a high arch, the arch of the foot is more pronounced than usual, creating an excessive curvature.

High Arch (Pes Cavus) is a structural abnormality that can impact the biomechanics of the foot. This condition can affect one or both feet and may be present from birth or develop over time. High arches can contribute to various foot-related issues, such as instability, balance problems, and an increased risk of injuries.



In most cases, a high arch is hereditary, but if the arch is excessively high or has fluctuations in height over a period, this can be suggestive of other underlying conditions. These include neurological conditions, cerebral palsy, polio, muscular dystrophy, and/or stroke, and are likely to negatively affect your arches over time.

Common symptoms of high arches

Common symptoms linked to high arches include foot pain, calluses, instability, and difficulty finding properly fitting shoes. Additionally, individuals with high arches may be more prone to conditions like hammertoes, claw toes, and ankle instability.

The diagnosis of a high arched foot involves a comprehensive physical examination and musculoskeletal assessment by a podiatrist. Your podiatrist will observe your gait pattern and identifying signs of a high-arch foot, such as calluses on the outer aspect of the foot or the presence of hammertoes. X-rays and diagnostic imaging may also be required for angulation evaluation or to get an overview of any underlying injuries. Subsequently, a care strategy will be tailored to address injuries associated with the high arch or implement management measures to prevent potential conditions in the future.

How can high arches be managed?

Having high-arched feet is not an immediate concern. However, if you experience pain or notice the onset of other conditions, it is important to see a podiatrist promptly. Podiatrists may employ conservative methods such as Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT) or Super Inductive System (SIS) therapy to relax the affected tissues, improve blood flow, promote recovery and reduce pain. Individuals with high arches should monitor for significant fluctuations in arch height as this may indicate underlying neurological issues and will require further evaluation.

Preventative measures can be prescribed in the form of custom orthotic devices to reduce pain, pressure and increase stability across the foot. This helps to reduce the likelihood of probable future problems occurring, or offload body weight from already injured feet to prevent further deterioration.

If you or your child have high-arch feet and are experiencing any symptoms, it is important to see a foot specialist or podiatrist. A podiatrist can diagnose any underlying conditions and advise you the correct plan to prevent further foot problems. Early diagnosis is essential for preventing future complications.

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Common Symptoms

Inward-tilting heel
Toes that are bent

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Improve High Arches with Specialised Therapy

High arches refer to a foot structure where the arch of the foot is unusually elevated, causing the foot to appear more curved or arched than usual. This condition can vary in severity and may affect one or both feet. A consultation with a podiatrist is required to evaluate and manage high arches to prevent complications and improve foot function and comfort.

Inquiry into symptoms and patient history

Thorough physical examination and evaluation

Imaging studies to identify any abnormalities

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Georgina Tay
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