Knee Pain & Injuries: Causes, Management, & Prevention

Knee pain is a common condition that cuts across different ages, impacting both the physically active, such as athletes and gym enthusiasts, as well as those leading a more sedentary lifestyle.

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Knee pain is a common complaint amongst people of all ages in Singapore, impacting both the physically active, such as athletes and gym enthusiasts, as well as those leading a more sedentary lifestyle.

Knee pain can be caused by various reasons, including injury or underlying conditions such as arthritis. It may also be a result of a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage in the knee.

Some commonly encountered knee problems


  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear: A frequent occurrence in sports like football and basketball, ACL tears, if not properly managed, can lead to prolonged knee problems.
  • Fractures: Conditions like osteoporosis may increase the risk of fractures in the knee area.
  • Torn Meniscus: A fibrocartilage wedge serving as a shock absorber for the knee, the meniscus is susceptible to damage from sudden twists during activity.

Mechanical problems

  • Iliotibial band syndrome – occurs when the iliotibial band (tissue that extends from the outside of your hip to the outside of the knee) is aggravated.
  • Dislocated knee cap – occurs when the patella (bone in front of the knee) slides out of alignment.
  • Hip or foot pain – pain in the hip and foot may change the way you walk. This alters your gait and puts more stress on the knee joint.
  • Knee bursitis – inflammation can occur in the bursae, which are small fluid sacs that act like cushions for your knee joints so the tendons and ligaments can glide smoothly over the joint.
  • Patellar tendonitis – irritation and inflammation of the thick, fibrous tissues that attach the muscles to bones in the knee. Runners are particularly at risk to this condition.

Various forms of arthritis

There are various forms of arthritis that are likely to affect the knee. These include –

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout
  • Pseudogout
  • Septic arthritis

Other risk factors for developing knee pain should also be considered. These include excess body weight, lack of muscle flexibility and strength, high impact sports that put greater stress on the knees, and previous injuries which increase the risk of similar injuries.

Leaving knee pain unaddressed without proper diagnosis and management may leave you with long-term complications such as osteoarthritis, severe pain, joint damage and disability.

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Common Symptoms

Unable to bear weight on your knee
Locking or clicking of the knee joint

How It Looks Like

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Podiatrist Millie and service staff is very professional and assisted in customizing a very good pair of insoles for my flat feet and the treatment also reduced my knee pain significantly. Very pleasant and thankful for resolving my issues.

Shuqi Ng

Our Podiatry Care Strategy

100% non-invasive methods to improve your knee in 4-8 weeks

An knee specialist, such as a podiatrist, will be able to perform a thorough foot assessment using diagnostic tools, such as a musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound to determine the source of your knee pain. If surgery is required, your podiatrist will refer you to a trusted foot and ankle doctor for surgical solutions.

A thorough assessment of your ankle

Immobilising the area with splints

Utilising technological therapies

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Georgina Tay
Senior Podiatrist & Head of Department

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