Arthritis is a term used when inflammation occurs around one or more of your joints. This leads to pain, stiffness and erosion of the joint in question. There is over a hundred different types of arthritis but the most widely known is osteoarthritis. One example is painful knee arthritis, typically linked to those over 60 as it is common among the aged population. While the term ‘rheumatism’ is rarely used by healthcare professionals today, the general public still frequently uses it to describe arthritic conditions that involve wear and tear of a joint or body part.1
The ankle joint, made up of the talus, fibula and tibia bones, is used to provide support, stability, shock absorption, and balance to a person while standing, walking and running. The ankle joint facilitates smooth motion, enabling an up and down movement. This joint, as many others, is covered with articular cartilage that helps the bones glide smoothly over each other during movement. The cartilage is layered with synovium to lubricate and reduce friction between the bones.