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Painful High Arches: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


The foot is generally divided into three main arch types, low, normal and high arch. The high arch foot type is also known as the pes cavus or cavoid foot. In a high arch foot, excessive weight is placed on the ball and heel of the foot when walking or standing. This will lead to problems such as pain and instability. The problem associated with the high arch foot can develop at any age either one foot or both feet.

 

Whilst high arch foot is a structural presentation of the foot, to clinicians, it may also suggest some other medical condition especially those associated with neurological (nerves) conditions. Some of the conditions may include cerebral palsy, polio, muscular dystrophy and or stroke. In some cases, a high arch is simply due to genetics where it is inherited from either the father or mother of the child. Therefore, definite diagnosis from health professionals such as podiatrists is importance prior to seeking treatment.

Signs and symptoms

The high arch alone may not be a problem, but the signs and symptoms associated with high arch may contribute other secondary issues that may affect your daily living such as:

 

  • Hammertoes – clawing of the toes
  • Hard skin or callus formation on the ball or side of the foot
  • Pain when standing and walking
  • Risk of ankle injury and sprains

Diagnosis

Podiatrists are trained to identify foot and lower limb conditions. Hence, your podiatrist will be able to diagnose if you have high arch based on observation, history – as high arch may be linked to family history, and by identifying other associated signs through a range of tests.

 

Treatment

At East Coast Podiatry, our treatment aim is to avoid your condition from deteriorating where surgery is required. To delay or avoid surgery, non-surgical conservative options will be offered first. Depending on the severity of the conditions, the non-surgical or conservative treatments usually include:

  • Various forms of therapies such as shockwave or ultrasound therapy
  • Arch support insoles
  • Adjunct devices – these are devices that added to maximise the benefits of your prescribed therapies. This includes splints and bracing devices
  • Callus removal services are also provided for callus formation caused by high arches

Seek consultation from our podiatrists at East Coast Podiatry Singapore so that you can receive the correct treatment for your foot condition.

 

 

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