The foot is generally divided into three main arch types, low, normal and high arch. The high arch foot type is also known as the pes cavus or cavoid foot. In a high arch foot, excessive weight is placed on the ball and heel of the foot when walking or standing, leading to problems such as foot pain, gait instability, metatarsalgia or plantar fasciitis. Problems associated with a high arch can develop at any age in either one foot or both feet.
Whilst high arch foot is a structural presentation of the foot, it may also be suggestive of other medical conditions, especially those associated with neurological (nerves) conditions, to clinicians. Some of these conditions include cerebral palsy, polio, muscular dystrophy and/or stroke. In some cases, a high arch is inherited through either parent. If you or your child has been identified as having a high arch, you should seek out a health professional such as a podiatrist to ensure that there are no underlying medical issues that are detrimental to your foot health.