Customising insoles for flat feet is is a common treatment to address the issue. These customised foot orthoses are a prescription-only medical devices tailored for individual patient needs to address specific foot pathology. The podiatrist will decide on the materials, densities and designs of the orthotics depending on the medical requirements and lifestyle choices of the patient. Due to advancements in technology and manufacturing, specific custom foot orthoses can also be fitted into pumps, court shoes, and even specialised footwear like soccer boots or hockey shoes.
For diabetic patients, total contact orthoses are tailored with the aim of offloading pressure and provide cushioning movement to minimise any abrasion or irritation against the skin of the foot. This serves to prevent foot ulceration that often develops in areas of high pressure.