The most basic remedy that you can try at home is the R.I.C.E treatment. Rest the injury by cutting back on daily activities. Ice the injury using an ice pack for 15 minutes several times a day. Ice calms down the damaged tissue and slows down blood flow to an injury, reducing swelling, inflammation and controlling the pain. Compression can be performed using an elastic wrap or bandage. Lastly, Elevate the affected limb to reduce the swelling. If you continue to experience pain, you should consult a healthcare professional such as a podiatrist.
Our podiatrists are able to offer treatments such as extracorporeal shockwave therapy, pulsed electromagnetic field therapy, phonophoresis, arch taping, physical exercises or custom orthotics. By combining these treatment modalities, the podiatrist is able to address your individual condition and treat your pain while providing a long-term solution to the underlying cause of your condition.
One common treatment for plantar fasciitis is the injection of steroids into the affected area. This helps to reduce inflammation, thereby reducing the pain. Although effective at reducing the pain, there are some side-effects, such as causing a rupture in the plantar fascia, and a failure to address the underlying causes of the initial injury.1 Over time, the analgesic effects of the injection will wear off and pain will return. Moreover, as the underlying conditions have not been addressed, the damage to the underlying structures of your lower limbs will continue to worsen, resulting in the need for more complex and painful treatment in the future.
In the most severe cases, surgery by an orthopaedic surgeon may be considered. In addition to the usual general risks of surgery, this particular surgery may also affect the long-term strength and function of the foot arch.
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1. Acevedo, J., & Beskin, J. (1998). Complications of Plantar Fascia Rupture Associated with Corticosteroid Injection. Foot & Ankle International, 19(2), 91-97.