A thorough examination is necessary to determine the extent of the damage as the treatment plan will depend on the severity of the injury. Mild cases can be resolved by nail or wound care which involves relieving the pressure by draining the blood or pus that is trapped under the nail plate. After the procedure is completed, the toe should be closely monitored to ensure that the area does not become infected.
For those patients whose trauma is caused by a biomechanical issue, fully customised insoles are necessary in order to address these issues. This will prevent further occurrence of the microtrauma and allow the existing injury to heal. If left untreated, the trauma is likely to worsen, reducing the treatment options available. At this point, surgical intervention may be required to treat this condition.
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1. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research