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Knee Pain


Knee pain is a commonly experienced by people of all ages, including physically active people such as keen sports athletes. Knee pain can be caused by various reasons and commonly due to injury or the underlying condition such as arthritis. It may also be resulted from ruptured ligament or torn cartilage in the knee.

 

People with knee pain usually complain of the following:

  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warm to touch
  • Weakness and instability of the knee joint
  • Popping and crunching noises
  • Inability to bend or fully straighten the knee

Depending on the severity of the condition, you may also experience the following:

  • Knee swelling
  • Unable to weight bear on your knee
  • Feeling unwell (fever and flu like symptoms) in addition to pain, redness and swelling

Potential associated problems with knee injuries

Injuries

  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) – common among people who play sports such as football and basketball.
  • Fractures – either due to accidents and injuries. Other bone conditions may also increase the risk of fracture such as osteoporosis.
  • Torn meniscus. The meniscus is a rubbery cartilage that acts as a shock absorber to your knee on weight bearing. This makes it prone to breaking due to wear and tear, or when you suddenly twist your knee while bearing weight on it.
  • Knee bursitis – inflammation can occur in the bursae (small fluid sac that acts like cushion to yout knee joint so the tendons and ligaments can glide smoothly over the joint).
  • Patellar tenditis – irritation and inflammation of the thick, fibrous tissues that attach muscles to bones in the knee (tendon that connects the quadriceps muscles on the front of the ethigh to the shinbone). Runners are prone to this condition.

 

 

 

Mechanical problems

  • Iliotibial band syndrome – occurs when the iliotibial band (tissue that extends from the outside of your hip to the outside of the knee).
  • Dislocated knee cap – occurs when the patella (bone infront of the knee) is displaced.
  • Hip or foot pain – pain in the hip and foot may change the way you walk. This alter the gait and put mmore stress on the knee joint.

Various forms of arthritis

There are various form of arthritis that are likely to affect the knee. The following are some examples:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout
  • Pseudogout
  • Septic arthritis

Other risk factor for developing knee pain should also be considered, such as, excess body weight, lack of muscle flexibility and strength, certain sports that put greater stress on the knees, and previous injury which increase risk for similar injury to occur.

Leaving the knee pain untreated without proper diagnosis and management may leave you with long-term complications such as osteoarthritis, severe pain, joint damage and disability. You are also very likely to develop similar injuries if the knee pain is not managed timely and effectively.

 

A podiatrist will be able to assess, diagnose and manage your knee pain accordingly. The podiatrist will carry out thorough assessments using diagnostic tools and manage the condition appropriately using modern modalities without the need for invasive surgery.

 

 

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