Heel Spur Syndrome
Heel spur syndrome occurs when the plantar fascia and the calcaneus come under tensile stress, causing a reactive bone formation. This bony protrusion on the bottom of the heel that grows towards the plantar fascia often forms a hook-like shape and is medically diagnosed as a “calcaneal spur”, or more commonly known as a “heel spur”.
This lack of pain is why heel spurs are often associated with Plantar Fasciitis, another kind of heel pain, because an injured plantar fascia is usually the cause of discomfort in both conditions.
- Sharp and stabbing pain like a knife in the heel
- Dull aching in the heel upon the first step in the morning
- Pain during prolonged periods of standing
- Difficulty walking barefoot
Even though the main cause of heel spur syndrome is stress on the plantar fascia and calcaneus, multiple risk factors that can increase your chances for it include:
- Flat feet
- Unsupportive footwear
- Increase in physical activity
The following home remedies can be useful for pain relief and inflammation management, but take care to note that these are only temporary solutions and do not address the root cause of pain.
- Icing the affected heel
- Slow stretching of the calves and feet
- Over-the-counter/prescription painkillers
Consult a podiatrist if you continue to experience pain or feel that it is becoming chronic. Your podiatrist can accurately diagnose and treat heel spur syndrome using a variety of diagnostic tools and treatment options. These include but are not limited to:
- Shockwave therapy
- Super Inductive therapy
- Sports taping
- Stretching exercises
- Customised orthotics
Recurrent pain caused by heel spurs carries a risk of worsening and limiting patients’ mobility. As with any bone in the body, heel spurs can fracture or avulse, and are especially common in cases of plantar fascia tears and ruptures. To prevent this, your podiatrist can perform highly focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) to break down mild to moderate calcifications within the foot and ankle. This serves to effectively reduce pain and inflammation, as well as stop any further deterioration.